Salem History Government Office
History of Salem Oregon
Salem, Oregon is a vibrant and thriving city that dates back to early 1800s. Salem was founded in 1842 by New England Methodist missionaries. It quickly grew to be an important transportation and commercial hub in the region.
Salem ( SAY-ləm) is the capital of the U.S. state of Oregon, and the county seat of Marion County. It is located in the center of the Willamette Valley alongside the Willamette River, which runs north through the city. The river forms the boundary between Marion and Polk counties, and the city neighborhood of West Salem is in Polk County. Salem was founded in 1842, became the capital of the Oregon Territory in 1851, and was incorporated in 1857. Salem had a population of 174,365 in 2019, making it the third-largest city in the state after Portland and Eugene.